In 2016, the Shandong Provincial Public Security Department requested the Provincial Party Committee and Provincial Government to issue the "Opinions on the Construction of an Innovative Three-dimensional Social Public Security Prevention and Control System" and the "Three-year Plan for the Construction of a Three-dimensional Social Public Security Prevention and Control System in China", which clearly defined the The direction and goal of the construction of a “integrated” three-dimensional social security prevention and control system. Provincial public security organs at all levels base their efforts on the "three-dimensional and integrated" layout, and make every effort to meticulously build a social security prevention and control network.
The Legal Affairs Office of the Beijing Municipal People's Government issued the “Beijing Regulations on the Management of Non-Motor Vehicles (Draft)” on July 28, 2017, and sought opinions from the public. The "(Draft)" clearly states that illegal violations such as "exceeding standards" on the road and "fake cards and false certificates" will be regulated through legislative channels. At the same time, it is clear that electric bicycles, motorized wheelchairs for the disabled, and other non-motorized vehicles required by the municipal government must be registered and licensed before they can be driven on the road.
In order to strengthen city management, strengthen the management and control of electric bicycles, actively respond to the Ministry of Public Security's plan for the construction of a three-dimensional social security system for public security, and earnestly study and explore through the accumulation of experience in “strong police with science and technology” and the combination of “new thinking on the Internet” Solutions to the construction of a three-dimensional security system for social order in the new situation. Huawang Intelligence has developed an electric bicycle security system-"eWSN Intelligent Police Management and Control System-Car Guardian" based on the Internet of Things technology, "Safe City", and "Skynet Project", based on the actual situation of society through more than a year of study and research. "And plan to use this as an opportunity to extend and expand the three-dimensional social security system of community police, including police patrols in the community, management systems for official vehicles, intelligent security of hazardous chemicals, and intelligent protection of the elderly and children with intellectual disabilities.
The "eWSN intelligent police management and control system" is mainly composed of a cloud platform, a multifunctional base station, an intelligent terminal, and an operation platform.
1) 1.1 platform architecture design
The "eWSN intelligent police management and control system" electric bicycle terminal uploads data packets through the WSN covering the whole city, and the data is processed by 808Server and stored in MongoDB. Business applications complete business functions by calling WebServer, and create Web Api for Web and APP transfer. The database server of this system supports rapid query and retrieval of massive data. The read and write performance is quite high, which meets the needs of users based on mass data query. The gateway server architecture handles high concurrency performance. This system is suitable for large-scale concurrent query, and supports the requirement that massive devices are online at the same time.
"Safe city" electric bicycle intelligent security system platform architecture design, as shown below:
Architecture Design of Electric Bicycle Security System in Dongying
2) 1.2 Main Functions and Features of Big Data Cloud Platform
The main function of the China Cloud Intelligent Cloud Platform is to run a business processing system. The system mainly implements the following functions: hierarchical management of user information, license management, electronic maps and tracks, alarm and loss management, etc.
1.2.1 Main functions
用户信息分级管理 ◆ Hierarchical management of user information
The authority management of the public security platform facilitates police operations and improves user information security. It also provides detailed statistical analysis and GIS map access for the Municipal Bureau platform.
牌照管理 ◆ License Management
The system electronically registers the electric bicycle registration form, fully satisfying the information needed for electric bicycle vehicle management. At the same time, the system supports automatic matching of entries by reading the second-generation ID card information, and can scan documents and import camera snapshot information for registration, reducing the workload of central duty personnel data entry.
By entering the license plate information, driver information, mobile phone number, home address, vehicle information, and smart terminal card number information, it completed the summary of electric bicycle information in the jurisdiction, and provided massive information support for the effective management of electric bicycles in the later period.
电子地图和轨迹 ◆ Electronic map and track
When the vehicle out of the fence alarm occurs, the system automatically informs the vehicle's reserved mobile phone number through APP push or SMS. At the same time, after the electric bicycle user logs in to the system's cloud platform or mobile phone APP, the alarm location can be displayed on the electronic map in real time and the vehicle can be viewed. Driving track, vehicle history track. And through the one-button alarm function, the alarm vehicle can be sent to the police in the jurisdiction of the cloud platform. After the police confirm the alarm through the phone, by calling on-site video on the electronic map, the police can quickly understand the police situation and quickly lock the vehicle position. In some cases, by commanding the patrol card, the police can quickly retrieve the alarm vehicle, which greatly saves police resources and improves police effectiveness.
报警和挂失管理 ◆ Alarm and Loss Management
First report the loss through the APP or the computer's cloud platform, and confirm the alarm information by phone within half an hour. When the electric self-driving vehicle is successfully reported, the lost vehicle passes through the road junction and the community will immediately communicate with the multi-function base station. The police in the area will immediately receive the alarm information of the electric self-driving vehicle pushed by the cloud platform and quickly lock the vehicle position.
◆ License plate and intelligent terminal matching management system
When a police officer is on duty, if a suspicious vehicle is found, the electric bicycle is scanned by the police handheld terminal, and the ID number obtained by the multifunctional base station is compared with the license plate information generated by the system. If it does not match the registration information of the electric bicycle, it is a suspect vehicle.
1.2.2 Main Features
云平台系统支持的基站容量可达5000个，人员、车辆容量可达300万人，可满足未来对电动自行车辆以外的其它重点人员、危化品、贵重物品的管控拓展，提高平台的综合效益。 ◆ The cloud platform system supports up to 5,000 base stations with a capacity of 3 million people and vehicles, which can meet the future control and expansion of other key personnel, hazardous chemicals, and valuables other than electric self-driving vehicles, and improve the platform's integration. benefit. In addition, the platform supports the access of the narrowband Internet of Things NB-IOT, which can realize the real-time positioning and supervision of key personnel and valuable materials such as business vehicles, network-reserved vehicles, and special groups (demented elderly, children, and control personnel).
强大的系统兼容性：能与本地的“天网工程”系统平台实现无缝对接。 ◆ Strong system compatibility: It can be seamlessly connected with the local "Skynet Engineering" system platform. The cloud platform can call the monitoring systems of "safe city" and "skynet project", as well as key road bayonet, community bayonet and other monitoring systems, to provide efficient and fast services for public security organs.
建设有储存数据备用服务器，保证系统平台的安全及稳定性。 ◆ Build a backup server to store data to ensure the security and stability of the system platform. A data backup server allows the system to have double insurance.
网络防火墙系统保证公安网络分级管理系统与公用网络充分隔离，保证车主信息安全的同时，方便车主通过APP或WEB端对车辆的管理。 ◆ The network firewall system ensures that the public security network hierarchical management system is fully isolated from the public network, while ensuring the owner's information security, and facilitating the owner's management of the vehicle through the APP or WEB terminal.
民警可通过辖区公安分级管理平台发送便民信息。 ◆ The police can send convenience information through the public security classification management platform of the jurisdiction. In addition, the APP can be customized according to the actual situation of Dongying Public Security Bureau.
预留大量的平台接口和后期建设的各种平台进行对接，最终实现“三位一体”治安安防系统。 ◆ A large number of platform interfaces are reserved for docking with various platforms constructed in the later stage, and finally realize the "Trinity" public security system. Taking the "safe city" intelligent security system as an entry point, a large number of platform interfaces will be reserved during the construction process in preparation for the subsequent realization of the "Trinity" security security system.
系统采用云数据平台，支持不同的业务终端同时工作，不同职能部门分配不同权限（街道办工作站、派出所工作站、租赁办工作站、业务手机工作站等）通过民警的工作站了解辖区自行车相关信息。 ◆ The system uses a cloud data platform to support different business terminals working at the same time, and different functional departments assign different permissions (street office workstations, police station workstations, rental office workstations, business mobile phone workstations, etc.) to understand bicycle-related information in the area through the police station.
◆ Strong inter-city WIFI coverage capability. Through multi-function base stations, WIFI in-depth coverage can be provided at each node intersection in the city, which provides strong network support for the construction of smart cities and other applications in the later period.
3) Introduction of operation platform
The "eWSN Intelligent Police Management and Control System" operating platform provides Dongying local users with services such as terminal registration, installation and maintenance, platform use, late payment, and insurance consulting. This operating platform relies on Huawang Intelligent Technology Co., Ltd. to provide real-time technical support and data services to Dongying Public Security Bureau and users.
4) Base station introduction
Huawang Smart is a dedicated outdoor smart terminal signal receiving device specially developed for sensing applications such as the Internet of Things and smart cities. It can continuously receive data from smart terminals carried by monitored targets. Adopting 2.4G / 433M dual-frequency smart terminal long-distance card reading mode, it has multiple advantages such as long card reading distance, high recognition accuracy, strong anti-collision ability for big data reception, outdoor dust-proof and sun-proof, simple installation and use. Communication uses a powerful 32-bit ARM processor, with 4G, WIFI, Bluetooth, WSN ad hoc network communication and other communication functions.
◆ The main components are: micro-control processing unit MCU, intelligent terminal RF part, Bluetooth 4.1BLE RF module, WSN communication module part, 4G module, WIFI module.
◆ The main components are: MCU control processing unit MCU, intelligent terminal RF part, Bluetooth 4.1BLE RF module, WSN communication module part, 4G module, WSN module.
◆ Microcontrol processing unit MCU: adopts STM32F3 series 32-bit ARM high-performance chip, chip integrated timer, CAN, ADC, SPI, I2C, USB, UART, and other functions. It realizes module data communication, data calculation and processing, and work logic control of each module.
◆ 200 cards can be identified at the same time.
◆ Distinguishing distance: 400 meters / 2.4G (directional antenna radius).
◆ Communicate directly with the server through 4G, RJ45 network ports.
◆ WSN ad hoc network (additional equipment added), when the base station 4G module is abnormal, it connects to the nearby base station and communicates with the server through the WSN module; it can also upload the WSN electronic tag location information in real time by reading nearby WSN electronic tags.
◆ Bluetooth 4.1BLE RF module: It can realize the direct connection of mobile phone APP to multi-function, the distance can reach 50m. After turning on Bluetooth on any APP-installed mobile phone, it can communicate with base stations within range. At present, the base station is mainly debugged for operation and maintenance personnel. With the operation and maintenance mobile APP, the operation and maintenance personnel only need to adjust the deployment only a few dozen meters away from the multifunctional base station.
◆ WSN communication module: WSN technology supports the ad hoc network communication function, supports tree topology, mesh topology, the failure of a node will not affect the normal communication of other base stations, which greatly improves the reliability of system base station communication.
5) 1.5 smart terminal
1.5.1 Police Handheld Terminal
The smart handheld terminal for police is convenient for police patrol and duty. When suspicious vehicles are found, the license plate and intelligent terminal information are compared at any time to improve the efficiency of law enforcement.
1.5.2 Vehicle Smart Terminal
1.5.3 Police Vehicle Terminal
◆ Using a ceiling antenna and supporting Bluetooth 4.1, if a patrol police finds a "black car" during the patrol process, it can push the information to the matched police handset in time.
◆ Using vehicle 12V power supply, omnidirectional antenna, range up to 400 meters, can quickly scan the area, realize mobile inspection of the base station, quickly lock the "black car area", and then cooperate with the police handheld handheld directional inspection to locate the "black car" .
◆ Identification moving speed can reach 180Km / h;
◆ Adopt proprietary encryption algorithm and authentication mechanism.
◆ Using Bluetooth BLE4.1 to connect to the police intelligent handheld terminal, it is more convenient and practical with one machine for multiple uses.
◆ Using ultrasonic sealing, durable, protection grade reaches IP65.
Third, extended applications
Through the construction of the eWSN intelligent police management and control system, the sensing base stations form an "Internet of Things Perception Network" within the urban area. With this network, as long as the intelligent terminal is given to the object to be managed, the location, identity, and status of the entire city can be managed, and various intelligent management applications have emerged as the times require. Most cities regard the IoT electric vehicle management system as one of the entrances to the construction of smart cities. While solving local people's livelihood issues, they will also deploy and implement IoT platforms to lay the foundation for future expansion and extension of smart city applications.
1. Student safe travel management
2.Key personnel control
3.Special vehicle control
4. Integrated management of public transportation vehicles
5, patrol inspection sign-in management
6. Urban manhole cover management system
7. Rental house management system
8. Urban dog breeding management